Posts Tagged ‘beginner’

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Water from Animals

When your water situation is dire, it is possible to obtain life saving fluids from animals.

All animals eyeballs contain water which can be obtained through piercing it and squeezing out the liquid or by simply removing and eating it raw. Cooking the eyeball will remove any precious fluid contained in it so best consumed fresh and raw.
Fresh, drinkable water can also be found along the spine of any fish. To access it, gut the fish, lay it flat then remove the spine to reveal the water. (naturally large fish will yield the most water but be careful not to suck up the fish juices, if dehydration is a concern, as these are protein rich and will require additional fluid for your body to digest.)
This method could be the difference between life and death if lost at sea where supplies of fresh water are difficult to maintain.

Several liters of drinkable water can be found in the rumen of a camel and additional water can be obtained by squeezing it out the undigested stomach contents of the camel.

During drought in north-western Australia, local tribesmen dig for frogs that burrow in dry clay pans to stay cool. The frogs have a survival mechanism where they store water in their bodies. This water can be squeezed out and drank.

none of these techniques will be tasty but they will increase your chances of survival

Before killing any animal for survival careful consideration needs to be paid to whether it is absolutely essential to your survival. Animals should always be treated with the utmost respect. If killing an animal for survival, the survivor should make every effort to use all parts of the animal thus ensuring that none of the animal is wasted.

Fluid Loss

Your body loses fluid at a rate of about two to three (2-3) liters (2.11-3.16qts) per day under normal conditions. This is through sweat, evaporation, digestion etc. In some conditions you can lose up to two (2) liters (2.11qts) per hour. Even resting in the shade you can still lose about one (1) liter (1.05qt) per day. If you are unfortunate enough to have vomiting and or diarrhea you will lose even more fluid. Lost fluids need to be replaced or you will soon become dehydrated and you will lose your ability to think and perform efficiently.

Minimizing Fluid Loss

Fluid loss is unavoidable but there are steps you can take to minimize the amount you lose.
The following steps may seem extreme but they will help you minimize fluid loss an ultimately increase your chances of survival:



Exerting yourself will cause you to sweat to stay cool, which uses up precious fluid.

Don’t smoke or drink alcohol
If you smoke or drink alcohol, your body will use fluid to flush out your kidneys etc as your body goes into a detoxification process.

Laying directly on hot ground or heated surfaces such as rocks
If feasible, dig or clear a shallow trench in a shady spot and lay in it. The earth underneath will be cooler than the hot surface; but you must consider that the shade will move with the sun.

If water is extremely scarce. If water is available but in smaller quantities eat only small amounts avoiding fat (digesting fat requires a lot of fluid to break it down). If you eat without keeping your fluids levels up, your body will take fluid from wherever it is available, for digestion. Unfortunately this will be from your vital organs and will cause further dehydration.

Fluid is lost through evaporation. Observing the steam which comes off your breath on a cold morning will give you some indication of the amount which can be lost through evaporation.


Things you can do

Breathe through the nose and keep your mouth closed as much as possible
This will help you to avoid loosing fluid through evaporation. Your mouth has a much larger, damp, surface area and therefore, you will lose much more fluid through your mouth than your nose.

Keep water in your mouth
When moving over a distance in the heat, take a sip of water and hold it in your mouth, without swallowing it, as you travel. This will slow the rate at which you lose fluid through breathing and it will help to stop your mouth and lips from drying out.

Travel at Night
In warmer regions, travel at night or early in the morning, where possible, and rest in a cool place during the heat of the day.

Keep cool
Stay in shade where possible. Where there is no shade readily available, then you should erect something which will provide shade.

Water Basics

Water is essential to life. No matter what situation you are in, without it, you won’t last very long. The human body is made up of about 85-90% water. It is an essential element for kidney and brain function and it helps to clear the waste out of our bodies.

The rule of thumb is that you can live for about:
Three (3) Weeks without food. But only. . .
Three (3) Days without water.
Survival is often about using your common sense, logic and creativity. Finding water is no exception.
When water availability is a concern, your first priority is to conserve the water that you already have contained in your body plus any supplies that you have left. There are some tips on conserving bodily fluid in the ‘fluid loss’ and ‘electrolytes (salt)’ articles further on in the water category.
Water can be sourced from most places but you need to know where to look.
Water is at the top of the priority list so you need to ensure that you secure an adequate supply as soon as possible (Not once you have already run out).
Whilst it is preferable to find a source of fresh running water, this will not always be an option. All water can be treated and made drinkable though so even if its not an ideal source, it should be collected and treated by using one of the methods described in this section.
Be weary of water which:
  • Does not have any living plants growing in or around it
  • Has animal, reptile or fish bones or carcasses in or around it
  • Has white chalky ring/s around the edges

These are often signs of chemical contamination and this water will need to be distilled before it is fit to drink. It is always advisable to boil water from pools.

  • Never drink seawater without diluting as this will lead to kidney failure.
  • Only ever drink urine as an absolute last resort.
*It is possible to get fresh drinkable water from both seawater and urine. These techniques are described later in this section.

Where the situation permits, you should always boil all water to avoid picking up any nasty stomach bugs which could causes vomiting and diarrhea which will cause you to lose fluid, which you cannot afford to lose.
Exertion, heat, injury, or an illness can all contribute to increases in water loss.
Dark yellow urine indicates dehydration.

Once you find a good source of water, Be careful not to drink too much too quickly as this will usually result in you throwing up, if you are at all dehydrated, resulting in further fluid loss and further dehydration. You should take it in small frequent amounts allowing your body to accept and absorb it.

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